International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

International Day for the elimination of Racial Discrimination is observed annually on 21st March to spread awareness about the equal human rights for all human beings irrespective of the color of their skin and physical appearance.

Historical Background:

In 1960, police opened fire and killed 69 people at a peaceful demonstration in Sharpeville, South Africa, against the apartheid pass laws. Proclaiming the day in 1966, the United Nations General Assembly called on the international community to redouble its efforts to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination. Since after the day is being observed annually at international to discourage all forms of racial discrimination from every corner of the world.

Read Also: Comprehensive article about Martin Luther King’s fight against Racial Discrimination

What is Racial Discrimination?

In English language discrimination means to distinguish, making difference or single out one thing in comparison of others.

In context of civil rights law racial discrimination is doing injustice or doing unequal treatment with an individual human being or a group of people on the basis of specific characteristic like color, gender, religion, nationality etc. is termed as racial discrimination.

Elimination of Racial Discrimination

Furthermore the distinction made on the basis of following characteristics (not limited to) will also fall under the category of racial discrimination.

  • Color
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Age
  • Religion
  • Nationality
  • Marital Status
  • Disability

Major Types of Racial Discrimination :

There are mainly following four types of racial discrimination:

  1. Direct Discrimination

In direct discrimination someone or a group of people is being treated unfavorable or worse solely on the basis of race or some specific characteristic. Like some employer offers a job and explicitly mention that the specific group of people e.g. particular religion or gender are not eligible for this job then it’s a kind of direct discrimination.

  1. Indirect Discrimination

In Indirect discrimination a particular policy or strategy is implemented to provide benefits and advantages to a particular group of people in comparison of another person or a group.

Like an organization offers job opportunities for all, but it also has a policy that the women working in their organization cannot cover their heads during working hours. So because of this policy the Muslims women are eligible for the job but at the same time they will have a worse effect of the policy to uncover their heads. It’s a sort of indirect discrimination.

  1. Victimization

A victim is a person who suffers direct or threatened physical, emotional or financial harm as a result of an act by someone else, which is a crime and it is called as victimization.

Victimization is a sort of revenge someone takes in the form of discrimination.

  1. Harassment

Harassment is a type of adopting offensive behavior with someone or a group of people to threaten them or disturb them physically is called the harassment.

Read Also: International Day for the Elimination of violence against women

International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination Themes:

International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is celebrated annually under one specific theme:

2017: Racial profiling and incitement to hatred, including in the context of migration

2015: Learning from tragedies to combat racial discrimination today

2014: The Role of Leaders in Combating Racism and Racial Discrimination

2010: Disqualify Racism

Say No To Racial Discrimination:

Racial discrimination should must be discouraged in all forms in the society. Irrespective of physical appearance all human beings are equal and have same human rights.

The Human being should must be discriminated only on the basis of character qualities instead of color of their skin.

International Day for the elimination of Racial Discrimination should be celebrated in full esteem to spread the maximum awareness in the society about the day. Events and seminars should be arranged in the public gatherings and bad effects of the racial discrimination should be discussed.

Elimination of Racial Discrimination

Finally we should realize the fact that nobody has the control over the skin of the color with which one has born. However every human being has the full control over his character and it’s solely depends over him that how beautifully he/she develops its character.

Let’s make a collective effort to spread the maximum awareness about the day and make this world a peaceful and safe for every human sole living on the earth beyond the color factor of the skin.

Thanks for your time to read the article on and please don’t forget to share the post with your friends and family and help us to spread the maximum awareness about International Day for the elimination of Racial Discrimination.


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