World AIDS Day is held on 1st December every year. The purpose of the day is to develop awareness among people about this disease and to show solidarity with the HIV/AIDS infected people in the world . This is a recognized WHO health day and celebrated since 1988.
On this awareness day , all the world focus on a specific theme , chosen by Global Steering Committee of World AIDS control campaign. The theme for year 2016 was ” Stands up for HIV Prevention“.
World AIDS Day: Red Ribbon
On world AIDS Day, people wear Red Ribbon or make Red Ribbon formations to show symbolic support with over 36 million people who are suffering HIV/AIDS world wide. It is an awareness symbol.
World AIDS Day: What is HIV/AIDS?
HIV(Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus which attacks on human immunity system. The immunity system is natural defense system of the body which fight against diseases. So when immune system gets weaker, the body can not fight against diseases effectively. Hence the body becomes victim of infections without any immunity/resistance .The virus and the infection caused are called HIV.
White Blood Cells are very important part of human defense system. HIV virus destroy special types of white cells called CD4+ cells. If a lot of CD4+ cells are destroyed, the body can not fight against infections.
A person having HIV does not mean have AIDS because even without HIV treatment, it can take about 10 – 12 years to result in AIDS.
The last stage of HIV infection is known as AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). A human with AIDS is having lower number of CD4+ cells which result in weaker body defense system and ultimately lead to fatal infections or cancers.
World AIDS Day: Symptoms of HIV
The symptoms of HIV are given as following. But these symptoms can also relate with other illness. So the only way to get confirmation about positive HIV is a clinical test.
- Mouth Ulcer
- Night Sweating
- Throat soar
These symptoms can prevail from few days to many weeks. But in some cases such symptoms do not appear for 10-12 years. If you think that you are infected by HIV then you should undergo medical test as early as possible.
If HIV is positive then you should see the doctor immediately to start the treatment. You are at a high risk in transmitting HIV to others.
If you are HIV positive and not on medical treatment ART(Antiretroviral Therapy) then eventually it will lead to destruction of immune system and ultimately result in final infection stage of AIDS.
World AIDS Day: Symptoms of AIDS
Following may be symptoms of AIDS. But these symptoms can also relate with other illness. The effective way to get confirmation about positive AIDS is clinical test.
- Losing weight rapidly
- Extremely high tiredness
- Diarrhea spanning for a week or more
- Memory loss
- Joints Pain
World AIDS Day: How AIDS Spread?
The HIV/AIDS spreads through the following personal acts.
- Unprotected sex with infected person.
- Transfusions of infected Blood products/Blood.
- Using contaminated Injection needle/ Syringe.
- Using Infected Razor Blade.
- From infected mother to baby child.
World AIDS Day: How to Stop and Control AIDS?
- Avoid illegal sex relationships.
- Choose a life partner.
- Use protected condom.
- Avoid contaminated injection syringe.
- User new Razor/Blades.
- Stop using infected Blood and Blood products transfusions.