World Pneumonia Day is observed on 12th November every year. The purpose of this day is to develop awareness about Pneumonia disease.
This day provides a chance to bring people all around the world together to fight against this illness.
Historical Background of World Pneumonia Day
The first World Pneumonia Day celebrated by United Nation on November 12, 2009. On this historical day over 100 organizations joined to form a Global Coalition against Child Pneumonia. From the year 2009, this awareness day is celebrated each year on 12th November.
General Awareness Facts about Pneumonia Disease
Following are general awareness facts about pneumonia.
• Pneumonia is leading infection killer of children under 5 years of age worldwide.
• A child dies from Pneumonia infection every 20 seconds.
• Pneumonia is preventable and treatable.
Pneumonia is preventable and treatable but yet remains a leading cause of death in children under 5 years of age worldwide.
Themes of World Pneumonia Day
Following are historical themes of World Pneumonia Day w.r.t year.
2016: “Keep the Promise, Stop Pneumonia Now”.
2015: “Every Breath Counts: Stop Pneumonia Now”.
2014: “Universal Access to Pneumonia prevention and care”.
2013: “Innovate to End Child Pneumonia”.
What is Pneumonia?
Pneumonia is the infection in one or both of the lungs. It is caused by Bacteria, Virus or Fungi. This infection causes inflammation in the air sacs of the lungs, called alveoli. The alveoli fill with pus or fluid and result in difficulty of breathing.
How to protect Pneumonia?
Children can be protected from pneumonia with good health practices taken from birth. The protection measures from the child birth are as follow.
• Exclusive Breastfeeding to children for 6 months extended up to 2 years.
• Adequate complementary nutrition.
How to protect prevent Pneumonia?
Pneumonia can be prevented by the use of following preventive measures. “Prevention is better than cure“. The better prevention can result to safeguard you from pneumonia.
• Pneumonia vaccines.
• Regular hand washing with clean water and soap.
• Safe drinking water.
• Good sanitation.
• Smokers to be avoided and if you smoke, quit. It is prone to respiratory infections especially pneumonia.
• Reduce air pollution of the house.
• Maintain a healthy lifestyle to strengthen body immune system.
• Get enough rest.
• Eat a healthy diet.
• Get a regular exercise.
What are signs and symptoms of Pneumonia?
Following are common signs of Pneumonia. Please note that these signs can also relate to other illness. Patient must consult doctor for actual diagnosis.
• Coughing that can produce phlegm (mucus)
• Chest pain
• Ear pain and infection
• Shortness of breath.
The other pneumonia symptoms depend upon the cause, severity of the infection and age of gender. The symptoms details for these factors are as follow.
Pneumonia symptoms by cause
Viral pneumonia may start with flu symptoms. A high fever might occur after 12-36 hours duration.
Bacterial pneumonia can cause a high fever as high as 105 F and result in bluish lips and nails.
Pneumonia symptoms by age
• Children under five years age may have fast breathing.
• Infants may vomit or have troubles in eating or drinking.
• Older people may have low body temperature than normal temperature.
What is the main cause of pneumonia?
The main cause of the pneumonia is the bacterial, viral infection in the lungs.
The pneumonia germs can enter into lungs from environment. Also you can inhale these germs through drink , food if you have swallow problem.
Moreover hospital is a major source source of strong germs. If you visit hospital or hospitalized for treatment of another disease, pneumonia germs can attack from hospital. Furthermore pneumonia germs can also be acquired from ventilator.
How do you get Pneumonia?
Bacterial or virus germs are usually the cause of pneumonia. Usually, pneumonia starts when you breathe in these germs into your lungs.
People often have a few germs in throat and nose. During a cough or sneeze, the tiny germ particles diffuse into the air, which other people can breathe in. In this way, pneumonia can pass through other people.
The doctor examines pneumonia by taking the history of the patient. Listen to the patient lungs with the stethoscope for abnormal sounds.
The doctor can advise chest X-ray, Blood Test complete blood count (CBC: Complete Blood Count). These tests are usually enough.
In case of severe infections, the doctor can recommend more tests. Like CT scan, Sputum Test,..etc.
What is Treatment of Pneumonia?
The treatment of pneumonia depends upon the type of infection and diagnostic of doctor . If diagnostic is bacterial pneumonia then the doctor will treat it with antibiotics.
If diagnostic is viral pneumonia then doctor will treat it according to viral infection. The viral pneumonia can take time and require a lot of rest to recover. The doctor can advise drinking lot of water and take regular medicine according to given prescription.
How Long Does it Take to Recover from Pneumonia?
The recovery time of pneumonia depends on the severity of the infection and general health of the patient. A young person may return normal after 1 week of treatment. Others may take longer. If severity of infection is high then it can take several weeks for recovery.
Best Home Remedies – Natural Diets for Pneumonia
Below given diets – remedies are very useful to cure pneumonia. Patient can take these diets according to taste and health conditions.
• Vegetables – Carrot Juice
• Fatty Fish
• Steam inhalation
How to Celebrate World Pneumonia Day?
Let us celebrate world pneumonia day by developing awareness about this diseases among our communities.
People are to ask to join an awareness walk. Participate in awareness development education programs. Volunteer services or give donations to fight against this disease.
Thanks for reading this article. You can find the detail of other events on eventofday. Happy Awareness on World Pneumonia Day.
The purpose of the post is general public awareness only. Doctor must be consulted for proper diagnostic and treatment.