World Tuberculosis Day abbreviated as World TB Day is observed on 24th March every year.
The purpose of the day is to develop awareness among general public about the Tuberculosis disease and to take effective measure to fight and control this epidemic disease.
World TB day is an official general public health day marked by WHO.
Historical Background of Tuberculosis Day:
On March 24, 1882, Dr. Robert Koch announced the discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis that causes TB.
At that time, TB killed one out of every seven people living in the US and Europe. Dr. Koch’s discovery was the most important step towards control and elimination of this deadly disease.
In 1982, on 100th Anniversary of Dr. Koch’s presentation, the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) proposed that March 24 be proclaimed an official World TB Day.
World TB Day not officially recognized as an annual observance day by WHO and the United Nations until over a decade later.
In the fall of 1995, WHO and the Royal Netherlands Tuberculosis Foundation (KNCV) hosted the first World TB Day.
See Also: World Pneumonia Day
World TB Day Themes:
- 2018: Wanted: Leaders For a TB-Free World.You can make history.End TB.
- 2017: Unite to End TB
- 2016: Unite to End TB
- 2015: Gear up to end TB
- 2014: Reach the three million: A TB test, treatment, and cure for all
- 2013: Stop TB in my lifetime
- 2012: Call for a world free of TB
- 2011: Transforming the fight towards elimination
- 2010: Innovate to accelerate action
- 2009: I am stopping TB
- 2008: I am stopping TB
- 2007: TB anywhere is TB everywhere
- 2006: Actions for life – Towards a world free of TB
- 2005: Frontline TB care providers: Heroes in the fight against TB
- 2004: Every breath counts – Stop TB now!
- 2003: DOTS cured me – it will cure you too!
- 2002: Stop TB, fight poverty
- 2001: DOTS: TB cure for all
- 2000: Forging new partnerships to Stop TB
- 1999: Stop TB, use DOTS
- 1998: DOTS success stories
- 1997: Use DOTS more widely
World TB Day-What is Tuberculosis-TB?
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable.
World TB Day-Tuberculosis Causes:
The weak body system is the main cause of tuberculosis. It might be the result of improper and nutrition-less food items. Loss of sleep, extreme cold or hot can also be the cause of TB.
Smoking and drinking are also important causes of TB because it provides a friendly atmosphere for germ growth inside the body.
See Also: Rare Disease Day
World TB Day-Tuberculosis -Transmission:
TB is spread from person to person through the air. When people with lung TB cough, sneeze or spit, they propel the TB germs into the air. After inhaling only a few germs the person becomes infected.
About one-third of the world’s population has inactive TB. Inactive Tuberculosis means people have been infected by Tuberculosis bacteria but are not yet ill and cannot transmit the disease.
In the lifetime people infected with TB bacteria have chances of about 10% falling ill.
However persons with a weaker immune system, the immune system can be weaker due to HIV, diabetes.The people who use tobacco and inclined to drink, have a much higher risk of falling ill.
World TB Day-Tuberculosis Symptoms:
When a person develops active TB (disease), the symptoms of TB are a cough, fever, night sweats, weight loss etc.
These symptoms may be mild for many months. It can result in delays in seeking care and ultimately results in the transmission of the bacteria to others.
World TB Day-Tuberculosis Treatment:
TB is curable. If you are having symptoms of TB then visit your doctor as early as possible. The doctor will start TB treatment process if your TB test is positive.
How Long Does it Take for TB to be Cured?
TB is curable however the TB bacterias die very slowly. It can take months. Even when the patient starting to feel well can still have alive bacterias. So the patient needs to take treatment until all bacterias are dead.
TB is treated with a standard 6 months drug course.
Can TB be Completely Cured?
If prescribed drugs course is completed and medicines are taken properly then yes TB can be completely cured.
How Do you Protect yourself from Tuberculosis(TB)?
If you are infected or someone from your family is infected, following guidelines are helpful to protect from Tuberculosis(TB).
- Wash hands after sneezing, coughing or touching mouth or nose.
- Wear the surgical mask, or place the tissue in the mouth while sneezing, coughing or laughing.
- Discard used tissues in the sealed bag in a safe manner.
- Don’t attend office, school.
- Stay away from public gathering places.
- Sleep separately in the separate room.Keep the room well ventilated. TB spreads in small spaces, closed rooms. Use the fan in the window to blow out the room air that might contain bacteria.
What Should we not Eat in Tuberculosis(TB)?
- Avoid Tobacco in all forms.
- Do not drink alcohol.
- Avoid Coffee and caffeinated drinks.
- Avoid high cholesterol, fat and red meat.
- Limit refined products, like sugar, white rice, white bread.
What Kind of Food is Good for Tuberculosis(TB)?
- Whole grains, like wheat pasta, cereals.
- Vegetables, like carrot, tomatoes.
- fruits, bananas, blueberries, cherries.
Tuberculosis is a curable and preventable disease. But it requires a proper treatment which spans on 6 months duration. Timely diagnostic and early treatment of this disease is very essential.
If diagnostic is delayed and the patient is not getting the treatment of the TB then it will be very dangerous for the patient as well as for patient’s family members, colleagues and to whom the patient is dealing in daily life.
The TB patient can act as TB carrier and can infect people in the nearby community.
In the event of World TB Day, let us spread the words of awareness among our loved ones and the general public about Tuberculosis disease.
Find TB, Treat TB, Stop TB.
Happy Awareness about World TB Day on eventofday.com.
Further suggested Reading: Tuberculosis