World water day is celebrated on 22nd March every year. The purpose of the day is to increase awareness about the importance of water.
Water is life. No living creature including humans, plants, animals, birds, insects can live without water. It is a very precious gift of nature to mankind.
With the growing population of the world, the demand for water is increasing. While the existing water resources are limited. Ineffective water usage can result in the replenishment of water resources.
We all are responsible for the safe water utilization, preservation of water resources and pass this precious natural gift to our future generations.
Historical Background of World Water Day
The historical background of world water day is linked with a UN adopted resolution A/RES/47/193 on 22nd December 1992 declaring 22nd March of every year will be observed as world water day from 1993.
In this resolution, the UN urged member states to devote this day as appropriate in their national context and develop awareness for the conservation and development of water resources.
Why World Water Day? Why Do We Celebrate World Water Day?
World water day is an international day. this day provides an opportunity to learn about water-related issues and take appropriate corrective and preventive measures that can make a difference in preserving precious natural resources.
UN-Water is a legal entity of the UN that coordinates the UN’s work on water and sanitation. Every year, UN-Water sets the theme for world water day while keeping in view the current or future challenges.
World Water Day Theme 2018
The world water day theme for the year 2018 is “Nature for Water”. The theme explores how we can use nature to overcome the challenges of the 21st century.
Climate change together with environmental damage is driving water-related crises around the world.
Water pollution, flood, drought are worsening due to the decrease in vegetation, soil, rivers, and lakes.
If we will keep neglecting our ecosystem then it will be very hard to provide everyone with the clean water to survive and thrive.
Nature-based solutions have great potential to resolve many water challenges. We need to concentrate on the green environment.
Implant new trees and forests wherever possible. Reconnect the rivers with the floodplains. It will improve the health and livelihood of humans.
World Water Day Facts:
- As per the UN, 2.1 billion people live without safe and clean drinking water which affects their health.
- The leather and the chemical industry are mainly a major contributor to water pollution.
- Every day more than 2 million tons of human waste is disposed of in the water.
- While brushing your teeth the running tap can waste 4 gallons of water.
- A tap that drips once every second waste 30 liters of water daily.
- Using a slow flow showerhead can save 15 gallons of water.
- Collecting rainwater is environmentally beneficial and a socially responsible way to use a natural resource.
Importance of water.
- Water is essential to everyday life for drinking, cooking, bathing, cleaning, and landscaping.
- 55-78% of human body weight is made up of water.
- Water covers about 70% of the earth but only about 1% is available for human use.
- 97% of the water is salt water.
- 3% is fresh water.0.3% of which is found on earth’s surface.68.7% of the freshwater is unusable because it is in the glaciers.
- More water is found in the atmosphere than all of the rivers of the planet combined.
- Water is the only compound on the earth that exists in solid, liquid and gas forms.
- Water can dissolve more substances than any other liquid.
World Water Day-What are Sources of Water?
Following is the list of major sources of water.
- Rain Water
- Surface Water
- Ground Water
The water vapors in the atmosphere condense to form a cloud and fall as rain. Rainwater is the purest form of water.
Surface water is in the form of oceans and sees. This water contains a large number of dissolved salts and thus saline and unfit for consumption.
Surface water is also present in the form of rivers, lakes, streams, and ponds. This water is formed by the melting of snow from mountains and from the rain. This water is fit for consumption.
Rainwater falls into oceans, seas, rivers, lakes, ponds, streams, etc. and some of the rainwater falls on land and gets collected under the ground. The water so collected under the ground is called groundwater.
The level of water under the ground is called the water table.
Groundwater is found in the form of springs and wells. Groundwater is drawn with the help of tube wells, hand pumps, and electric pumps.
World Water Day-What is Water Cycle?
Water continuously moves from the earth to the atmosphere and from the atmosphere to the back of the earth again. This circulation is called the water cycle.
Steps of the Water Cycle:
Water is converted into water vapors by many processes like evaporation, transpiration, etc.
The water vapors raise up, becomes cooler and condense to form tiny droplets that float in the air in the form of clouds and later form large drops and fall as rain.
World Water Day-What are Water disasters?
Drought and flood are the main water disasters.
Water Disaster-What is Drought?
Soil dries up completely, becomes hard, begins to crack down and eventually infertile. Water table goes down i-e., groundwater becomes scarce.
Due to infertile soil and scarcity of water, the vegetation of the drought-affected area is completely lost.
The water level in wells, ponds, etc. goes down and may even dry up and results in loss of aquatic life. Farmers depend upon agriculture and are most badly affected.
Many humans, as well as animals, die of dehydration and thirst.
Water Disaster-What is Flood?
Unusual heavy rainfall result in a natural disaster called a flood.
Floods raise the water level of rivers, lakes, and ponds causing them to overflow the limits and thus submerging villages and cities.
Potable water and food supply get affected causing a number of deaths, diseases, and destruction.
Flood water damages crops, buildings, and dams. It carries away animals and many other objects with it. Flood water also washes away the topsoil thus reducing the fertility of the land.
World Water Day-Water Conservation:
Since there is a very small proportion of the water available on the earth for the use of a living organism. There is a high need for water conservation.
The water can be conserved in the following ways.
- Avoid wastage of water.
- Don’t keep the tap water running.
- Plant more trees.
- Grow plants that require less water.
- Reduce water pollution.
- Build more dams. This will prevent both drought and floods.
- Harvest Rainwater.
What is Rainwater Harvesting?
One of the methods for conserving water is to collect rainwater and store it for later use. This is called rainwater harvesting and the idea behind it is “catch water where it falls”.
Rainwater does not seep into the ground surfaces that are covered with concrete, buildings, and roads.
Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting:
Rainwater is collected from the rooftop and allowed to go into the storage tank through pipes.
Rainwater can also be directed through pipes from the rooftop to the storage pipe in the ground. From here it seeps into the soil to recharge the groundwater.
World Water Day-What is Water Pollution?
Water pollution is the contamination of water resources mainly due to the result of human activities. Water pollution deteriorates water quality and has harmful effects on living things.
What are the Causes of Water Pollution?
Water pollution occurs when pollutants are directly or indirectly discharged into the water without treatment and separation of harmful substances.
The sources of water pollution are classified into two main classes;
1. A point source of pollution.
2. Non-point source of pollution.
Point pollutants mean the pollutants that belong to a single source of pollution. E.g. emission from factories.
Non-point pollutants mean the pollutants emitted and belong to multiple sources. E.g the contamination of rainwater that travels through several regions can be considered as a non-point source of pollution.
The following are the causes of Water pollution.
- Industrial waste
- Sewage and wastewater
- Mining activities
- Marine Dumping
- Accidental oil leakage
- Burning of fossil fuels
- Chemical fertilizers and pesticide
- Leakage from sewer lines
- Global warming
- Radioactive Wastes
- Leakage from landfill
- Animal waste
Water pollution affects the lives of human beings, water animals, and birds very badly.
Effects of Water Pollution on Human Health:
Swiming in and drinking contaminated-polluted water cause a lot of health problems. Water pollution affects human health very badly. The major health problems caused by water pollution are as follows.
- Kidney Damage
- Skin Lesions
Effects of Water Pollution on Aquatic Life-Water Animals:
Water pollution kills the lives of water animals that depend on the water. Crabs, fish, dolphins, birds, seagulls and many other animals are found dead on beaches.
We have to stop water pollution to save the habitat of water animals.
How Can We Stop Water Pollution?
Prevention of water pollution is everyone’s responsibility including individuals, governments, and local councils. We can stop pollution by following simple and useful habits.
- Never through rubbish in the water, alongside rivers-canal banks and on the beach. Look for and use the correct waster bin for waste disposal.
- Use water very wisely. We can reduce the amount of water for washing and bathing.it will reduce the amount of dirty water that needs treatment.
- Do not throw medicines, chemicals, oil, paint into sink drain or toilet. The help of local environment officers can be sought for disposing of medicines and chemicals.
- Use environmentally safe cleaning liquids in homes, offices, and other public places because they are less dangerous for the environment.
- Do not overuse fertilizers and pesticides in your gardens, farms, and lawns. It will reduce the runoff chemicals into nearby water resources.
- Plant a lot of trees, so that when it rains, chemicals from your homes do not drain into the water.
World Water Day – Water Quotes:
- “Water is the driving force of all nature”. Leonardo da Vinci
- “Water is life, and clean water means health”. Audrey Hepburn
- “Nothing is softer or more flexible than water, yet nothing can resist it”. Lao Tzu
- “Drinking water is essential to a healthy lifestyle”. Stephan Curry
- “No Water, no life. No blue, no green”. Sylvia Earle
- “Rivers, ponds, lakes, and streams-they all have different names, but they all contain water. Just as religions do-they all contain truths. ”Muhammad Ali
- “Thousands have lived without love, not one without water”.W.H.Auden
- “If we pollute the air, water and soil that keep us alive and well, and destroy the biodiversity that allows the natural systems to function, no amount of money will save us”. David Suzuki
- “The tree that is beside the running water is fresher and gives more fruit”. Saint Teresa of Avila
- “Water, air, and cleanliness are the chief articles in my pharmacy”. Napoleon Bonaparte
- “A nuclear power reactor is just a fancy way of boiling water”. Leslie Dewan
- “We forget that water cycle and the life cycle are one”. Jacques Yves Cousteau
- “Water is good, but if you have too much, you drown. So is water bad, or it is good? It’s both.”Manoj Bhargava
- “You don’t extinguish fire by adding more fire, you need water” Pope Shenouda III
- “It’s the water. Everything is driven by the water”. Mike Thomson
- “It’s tough to know the value of water until it’s gone”. Mark Udall
- “Water is the soul of the earth”. W.H. Auden
World Water Day Images and Pictures
Top World Water Day Slogans:
- Water is life.
- Save Water. Save life.
- Every Drop Counts. Reduce your use.
- Please use water wisely. Every drop counts.
- Every drop saved, saves us and our future generations.
- Slow the flow, save H2O.
- Less Pollution is the best solution.
- Clean water for a healthy world.
- Wastewater today, live in dessert tomorrow.
- Save our planet. Conserve water.
- Water pollution is earth death.
- Water is life, so don’t hit your life.
- There are several ways to save water. And, they all start with you.
- Stop pollution quickly. Don’t make the water sick.
- Drink Clean Water and Stay away from Water Borne Diseases.
Water is life and a very precious gift of nature to mankind. Water resources are limited and with the growing population of the world, the demand for water is increasing day by day.
Ineffective water usage is causing water pollution and threatening human health and aquatic life.
In the event of world water day, let us raise our voice and spread the word of awareness among the community for the effective use of this precious natural gift.
Happy awareness about World Water Day on Event of Day.